Georgian London
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Banks and Lenders

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NameTradeAddressfounded DescriptionLocaleYear
Bank of England Bank Threadneedle St.       1734 -
Bank of Sloane Bank          
Barclay's bank Lombard St.   moved in 1728   1728-
Child's bank 1 Fleet St. next to Temple Bar
since 1673
1580's as goldsmith began as bank in 1660's   1681 -
Coutts & Co. bank 59 Strand
since 1720
      1692 - present
Drummond's bank East side of Charing Cross goldsmith in 1712     1717-
Hoare's bank 37 Fleet St. since 1690 Golden Bottle goldsmith in Cheapside     1673
Lloyd's bank Lombard St. Barnett, Hoare, Hanbury & Lloyd founded in Birmingham   1756-
Rothschild bank New Court & St. Swithin's Lane since 1809      1806 - present

Churches and Chapels

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
St. James Church between Piccadilly
at about 200
& 40? Jerymn
       

Clubs and other Gentlemen's abodes

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
Alamack's Club 20? King Street Wednesday subscription balls      
Albany lodging Piccadilly between
Burlington House & No. 52
Bachelor flats Former residence of D.of York St. James 1802
Beefsteak Society   above Covent Garden Theatre        
Boodle's Club St. James St.   Gentleman's Club    
Brook's Club St. James St.   Gentleman's Club   1778 to
Cheshire Cheese Tavern Wine Office Court   Favorite haunt of Dr. Johnson    
Cocoa Tree            
Gentleman Jackson's boxing saloon 13 Bond St. boxing saloon      
Kit Kat Club            
Star&Garter Tavern Pall Mall Meeting Place for many Clubs      
Vauxhall garden   fetes, clandestine meetings      
White's Club St. James St. gambling, bow window Aristocratic Gentleman's Club w\Tory affiliation St. James ?
Cock Pit Royal cock fighting Hyde Park    
Cock Pit cock fighting Gray's Walk   admission=tip 5s  
Cock Pit cock fighting Jenny's Whim Tea Garden     

Gardens and Parks

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NameAddress or LocaleDescriptionFamous forYear
Hyde Park Park Lane large open green w\paths for driving and walking,
Serpentine 1730
fashionable hour
fete in 1814
opened to public in 17th century
Kensington Gardens adjoining Hyde Park Formal Dutch garden until Queen Anne altered it Temple by Kent opened to public by George II
Green Park between St James & Hyde Park Corner Open lawns and tree lined walks maple & lime trees
fete in 1814
 
St. James between palace and Whitehall lawn until Nash added lake and flowerbeds in 1828mulberry trees
fete in 1814
opened to public in 1662
Kew  botanical gardensChinese Pagoda, White House (Royal residence before 1802), Queen Charlotte added cottage1759 on Princess Augusta's estate, opened to public in 1897
Richmond ParkEast of Town2470 acres, oaks, lakes, deerexcellent view of Thames 
Tea Garden Site of King's Cross Station      
Tea Garden Pancras Wells      
Adam and Eve   tea garden cows\cream  
Marylebone Gardens     harmony and decorum until 1826
Vauxhall Surrey on Thames walks, pavilion, & supper boxes fetes, lighting, & fireworks  
Regent's Park   Developed by Nash, paths, clearings, cricket fields buns and ginger beer opened to public in 1838
Mulberry Gardens        
Ranelagh Gardens Chelsea near Pensioner's Hospital     until 1804
Vine       built over in 18th century
Elm court       built over in 18th century
Fig Tree Ct.       built over in 18th century
Green Arbour Ct.       built over in 18th century
Holburn & Bunhill Row      built over in 18th century
Neat House Gardens between Lupus St. & River      
Black Heath     golf course  

Hospitals, Orphanages and other charitable institutions

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NameAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
Bedlam Lambeth Rd Mental hospital      
Foundling Hospital     Orphans    
Middlesex Hospital Charles St.
5?
       
St. George's Mount St. Workhouse   Mayfair  
St. James Poland St. Infirmary      
St. Katherine's       Knightsbridge  
Trinity House          

Legal and Legislative offices

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
Admiralty Navy          
Bank of England   Threadneedle St. after 1734       1694-present
Bow Street crime prevention 11 Bow St. near Covent Garden runners, started by Fielding brain child of John Fielding, the "blind beak"   1751
Customs House           1715-
Doctor's Commons     licenses      
Horseguard Headquarters Army       Whitehall  
Middlesex Hospital            
Post Office         St. Martin's  
Royal Mint            
House of Commons Legislation St. Stephen's Chapel in Palace of Westminster        
House of Lords            
Old Bailey Crown Court     rebuilt in 1774   1539- present
Board of Trade   Treasury building at Whitehall       1696
Royal Exchange     Threadneedle St.     1566
Stock Exchange   a triangular site between Threadneedle Street, Throgmorton Street and Old Broad Street       1802-
Lloyds Insurance Underwriter for sea ventures In Royal Exchange on Threadneedle       1771-present
Corn Exchange   at Mark Lane after 1750   extension in 1827    
Prime Minister's residence   10 Downing St.   Gift from George II to Sir Robert Walpole. He refused it so it now belongs with the office   1731-present

Libraries and Booksellers

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
A.K. Newman's Minerva Library Library/Printer         1790-1820
Hatchard's Bookseller 187 Piccadilly   173 until 1801
moved to 190
Piccadilly opposite Albany 1797 to present
Hookham's Circulating Library 15 Old Bond St. lending novels   Mayfair 1798
Joseph Johnson   72 St. Paul's Churchyard Patronized by Paine, Woolstonecraft, Wordsworth, & Priestly Published Thomas Paine under pseudonym   1770-1809
Charles Knight Book Seller   Began publishing the Windsor & Eaton Express in 1812      
Lindsell's BooksellerWimpole St. medals of Sir Sidney Smith for half a guinea each advertised in La belle Asemblee 1807   
Williams         Westminster  

Museums & Societies

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
Royal Academy   Pall Mall to 1771 & Somerset House until 1837   Summer exhibition May to August   1768
Society of Arts   Covent Garden, moved to Strand 1760 1st public exhibition     1754
Egyptian Hall Bullocks Museum Piccadilly        
National Society           1811
Royal Lancastrian Institution           1808
Society of Antiquaries   Chancery Ln until 1753, Somerset House 1777-1875       1751
Architectural Museum   Tufton St.     Westminster  
Royal Naval Museum         Greenwich  
Painted Hall       Nelson & other sea battles    
Sir John Soane   12-14 Lincoln Inn Fields   Hogarth's works, show of Egyptian artifacts in 1806   bequethed as Museum on his death in 1837

Penitentiaries and Jail Houses

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NameTradeAddressSpecialtyDescriptionLocaleYear
Coldbath Field's correction house   Wells nearby rebuilt in 1794    
Millbank Penitertiary            
Newgate Prison   London's chief Prison rebuilt in 1770, 1783 gallows moved here from Tyburn   1188-
King's Bench   Burough High St.     Southwark  
Fleet 1750 became debtor's prison Faringdon Rd.       1197-1846
Charing Cross Pillory          

Residential

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NameAddressPersonal AssociationsOther inhabitantsStyleLocaleYear
Burlington House Piccadilly       next to Albany  
Cambridge House       Palladian Piccadilly  
Carlton House Pall Mall Prinny inherited in 1783    Haymarket  
  18 St. James Square Castlereagh's House        
Chesterfield House Park Ln.     Palladian    
Devonshire House       Palladian Piccadilly  
  43 Grosvenor Sq. Duchess of Kendall
George I's mistress
       
  9 Grosvenor Sq. John Adams     Little America  
Lichfield House St James Sq.     Palladian    
Lord Mayor's Mansion   Cannon St. behind St. Paul's Cathedral     Ludgate Hill  
Melbourne House Piccadilly next to Whitehall       Piccadilly  
John Nash 29 Dover St.     Palladian Mayfair 1798
Northumberland House            
Somerset House   East of Westminster Bridge on North Bank        
Spencer House St James Pl.     Palladian    
 20 St James Sq.     Adam    
  20 Portman Sq.     Adam    
  44 Berkeley Sq.     Palladian    
  11 Bow St Henrey Fielding & Bow Street Runners        
  17 Gough Square Dr. Johnson       
Thomas Hope Duchess St. Hope was an antiquarian & one of the founders of the Dilettanti Society        
  36 Craven St. Benjamin Franklin       1761-
Warwick House Coxspur behind Carleton House Princess Charlotte        

Theatres

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NameAddressImportant factsPrincipal actors & c.LocaleYear
Astley's Amphitheatre       South  
Coberg     Montcrieff South 1820-1831
Covent Garden   fire in 1808 reopened in 1809, became opera house in 1847     1733-
Drury Lane   burned 1672, burned 1809 and reopened 1812 Garrick, Mrs. Siddons, Nell Gwynne, Kemble, Kean, Young   1663-
Lyceum Wellington St and the Strand became theatre 1834     1765
Olympic Wych St. built from old men-'o-war ships, burned 1849      
Pantheon Oxford St.        
Sanspareil 411 Strand Renamed Adelphi in 1820, rebuilt in 1858 Bedford, Wright, Yates, Mme Celeste, Miss Woolgar The Strand 1806-
St. James King Street built for the singer Barham     1835
Theatre Royale   burned 1820, reopened in 1822 Colman, Foote, Fielding, Webster Haymarket 1720-
Opera House       Haymarket  
Royal Circus       South  
Royal       East  
Sans Souci       West  
Sadler's Wells       North London  
English Opera House       North London  


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This site last updated March 2003 by webmaster