Just how rich was Darcy?

Comparing Actual Georgian Era Incomes
to that of Austen's Characters Darcy & Bingley

George Augustus Frederick of Hanover, Prince of Wales,
Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay,
Earl of Carrick, and Baron of Renfrew.
78,000 per annum
Duke of Devonshire 73,000 per annum
"Golden Ball" Hughes 40,000 per annum
Mr. Darcy 10,000 per annum
Average Income of Great Landlords
(Shows Jane Austen did her homework.)
10,000 per annum
Mr. Bingley 5,000 per annum


"but his friend Mr. Darcy soon drew the attention of the room by his fine, tall person, handsome features, noble mien; and the report which was in general circulation within five minutes after his entrance, of his having ten thousand a year."

--Chapter 3 of Pride & Prejudice by Jane Austen

As the average land rental was 25 shillings per acre, the 10,000 income from Pemberley alone indicates an estate with around 8,000 acres under cultivation with the addition of an extensive park.


"Mr. Darcy belongs to a very select group. G.E. Mingay, an economic historian, estimates that in 1790, about twenty years before the time of Pride and Prejudice, there were only 400 families among the landed gentry in England whose incomes fell within that range, a range from 5,000 to 50,000 a year, with the average being 10,000 a year."

--Quoted From an article by JAMES HELDMAN where you can read more about money comparisons between today and Jane Austen's time.

This quote gives a perspective on how very well both Jane and Elizabeth marry. To land young, healthy, good looking, and pleasant husbands from such a small number of men who are available from only 400 families is luck indeed.

Watch A&E Pride & Prejudice
or Keira Knightley version of Pride & Prejudice
or choose the 1940 version of Pride & Prejudice

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